|Cavour began his career as lieutenant of the Sardinian
army which he served from 1826 to 1831. In 1847 he co-founded "Il Risorgimento" (The Resurgence), a nationalist newspaper that
called for Italy's unification and expulsion of the Austrians.
In 1848 Cavour became a member of the Sardinian chamber of deputies and became prime
minister in 1852. Under Cavour's leadership, Sardinia, Britain and France
became allies and marched in what is known as the Crimean War (1854-56) against Russia.
Cavour was also the architect of Sardinia's alliance with Napoleon III against Austria.
Cavour resigned as prime minister in protest of the king's (Victor
Emmanuel II) agreement to the peace treaty of Zuerich (November
1859) which allowed Austria's strong presence in Northern
Italy. (Napoleon III had made peace with Austria without
consulting Cavour and had agreed to Austria retaining Venetia and
Lombardy falling to France.)
Cavour became prime minister again in 1860 after Tuscany,
Romagna, Parma and Modena voted in favor of annexation to
Cavour is regarded as one of Europe's most able politicians and
statesmen of his times.
Cavour died in Turin on June 6, 1861. (see also "The
Italian Unification" and "Italy